When most people think of a landscape, they generally envisage a view, a vista, or a panorama. When we venture out into the countryside it is the whole scene that we immediately see, embracing everything from foreground to horizon, and we then use our cameras to capture it, as a record of that particular place.
In order to shoot such a view many will use a wide angle lens to get the whole scene in the frame, but that approach can often disappoint, since it diminishes many of the features that make each place so distinctive. A wide view also means that you will often have to include the sky in your picture. This is all well and good if the sky has drama, beautiful clouds, or textures and colours, because this can enhance a landscape. But often a sky is dull and lifeless, and serves only as a distraction to the scene you are photographing. Unless the sky is helpful, I recommend excluding it, (maybe by using a longer focal length), and to concentrate on the important features within the overall scene.
The smaller view also offers much better opportunities for individuality - to portray a personal response to a location. We all see the world slightly differently, and I find the search and subsequent photography of what some call ‘intimate landscapes’ very satisfying.
Most locations offer an opportunity to capture detail, and I often use a short telephoto lens, to abstract the landscape, and help me identify simpler elements that I can concentrate on. The search for a satisfying image is not always easy, and I spend a lot of time moving around a location, stopping to look, taking time to appreciate what is in front of me, and looking through the viewfinder to find and frame a good shot.
Some locations are easier to work than others - there have been times when I’ve felt as if I’m hunting for a needle in a haystack! The knowledge that the pictures are invariably there drives me on and encourages me, motivates me to look more intently, to familiarise myself with the place, and realise the potential of each and every situation.
Lighting intimate landscape
When photographing a small area, or a detail, then overcast lighting, or at the most ‘cloudy bright’, is always my preference. It reduces the contrast and allows the camera to record the subtleties of tone, texture and colour that a harsh contrasty light will destroy. Heavy shadows and over bright highlights can really spoil a natural scene.
The search for an image is often hampered by the camera being mounted on a tripod, so my own method of working is to have the camera round my neck, and the tripod close at hand. I work with the camera to find the best viewpoint, focal length, and composition. I then know exactly where the tripod has to be placed, and at what height I need the tripod head. Having erected the tripod the camera is popped into a quick release shoe.
I then concentrate on exposure, depth of field, fine tuning the composition, and eliminating distractions.
Most of the time I use a small aperture to guarantee good sharpness throughout the scene, and manually focus the lens to maximise depth of field, (hyperfocal distance). Finally the shot is taken using a cable release, and sometimes mirror lock-up too. My aim is always to extract the very best quality I can from each and every shot.
More of Chris's superb Intimate Landscape Photographs can be seen in his gallery at www.chrispalmerphotographer.co.uk
Recommended Reading for Intimate Landscape Photography
New! CommentsHave your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.